Butterflies are brightly colored, winged insects belonging to the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths. They are known for their striking wing patterns and their fascinating life cycle, which consists of four stages: egg, larva (caterpillar), pupa (chrysalis), and adult. Butterflies play crucial roles in ecosystems as pollinators and as a food source for other organisms.
Invertebrates are a diverse group of animals that lack a backbone or vertebral column. They make up around 97% of all known animal species and can be found in various habitats, including terrestrial, aquatic, and aerial environments. Key invertebrate groups include arthropods (e.g., insects, arachnids, crustaceans), mollusks (e.g., snails, clams, octopuses), annelids (e.g., earthworms, leeches), and cnidarians (e.g., jellyfish, corals). These organisms play essential roles in ecosystems, such as decomposition, pollination, and serving as a food source for other animals.